Concerned about safe water in South America? This post will help. In this article, you’ll learn how to choose the best portable water filter or purifier for your trip (including the 8 features to consider). And I shortlist the 7 best water filters for travel (and the best expat water purifier).
The Best Portable Water Filter for South America
So, you’re off to South America, your bags are packed and your excitement level is growing by the second. Everything is great but there is that one little doubt kicking around in your brain making you uneasy … the water. All the travel blogs, books, well-travelled friends and gurus tell you to be careful of the water, so what do you do now?
Bottled water, portable water purification, or water filtration device? The good news is that you don’t have to spend a fortune daily on bottled water. You have options.
3 Top Picks: Water Purifiers
Before we get to the full guide and all the specifics, here are our top picks. If you don’t want the backstory – and just our recommendations – here they are. Please note: to remove protozoa, bacteria, and viruses you’ll need both a filter (like the Lifestraw bottle) and a purifier (like Steripen UV water purifier).
- Lifestraw water bottle (Most convenient): Just fill with tap or river water, add the filter cap and you’re good to go. Filters up to 4000 liters of water. Made by Lifestraw – the makers of the classic filter straw.
- Steripen UV Water Purifier (Use any bottle): This is great for travel. Charges via USB, up to 50 treatments per charge. Use any bottle or dish. This is a must to ensure that all contaminants – including viruses are removed.
- Travel Berkey Water Filter (Best for expats): If you are going to have a permanent base, you should consider this counter-top filter. It will give you all the water you need (holds 1.5 gallons) and the replaceable filters last for 6000 gallons. This is available in 4 larger sizes (up to 6 gallons). Just be sure to see what will fit in your luggage.
Okay, so now back to the post:
Why not use bottled water? Bottled water is expensive, heavy, and can be hard to find if you are traveling long distances, especially in remote areas. Having to stop to look for little stores along the way can be frustrating to you and everyone else, or when traveling in remote areas there may not be stores. Not to mention the environmental impact of all those plastic bottles! Don’t worry, there are a lot of other options that will provide you clean safe drinking water.
The number of travelers that prefer taking their own personal filtration or purification devices that make clean drinking water is growing daily.
Lightweight, portable and available in all shapes and sizes from water bottles and mini pump filtration devices through to water purification in the forms of UV light pens, tablets and lightweight purifiers that are packable and easy to travel with. These get rid of parasites, bacteria, protozoa and viruses harmful to humans. Those surprise little nasties in the water are the main reason travelers get sick each year, especially in countries without clean drinking water or the infrastructure to treat their water.
This guide covers everything, it’s pretty big, so to help we’ve broken it up into these five main sections:
- Water Filters vs Water Purifiers
- 3 Types of Water Purifiers and 7 Methods
- 8 Features to Consider Before you Buy
- 7 Best Portable Filters and Purifiers
- Frequently Asked Questions about Water For Travel
First things first, let’s get started with the basic differences between a portable water filter and a portable water purifier and go from there.
What is safe drinking water?
Safe drinking water is free of protozoa, parasites, bacteria, and viruses making it safe for human consumption. In other words, you won’t get sick when you drink the water.
Read more about safe travels: How to Choose the Best Sun Protection Hat
Water Filters vs Water Purifiers
In the past, travelers either had to boil water or use harsh chemical treatments that left a gross taste in your mouth. While both options are still good, there are ways that are faster and free of chemicals.
Portable water purification systems are easy to take with you anywhere in the world. They are lightweight, hardy and almost 100% effective.
What’s the difference between water filter and water purifier?
The main difference is in the level of protection. There are 3 classes of microbes to be concerned about. Only water purifiers remove/kill them all.
- Water filters remove protozoa and bacteria.
- Water purifiers remove protozoa, bacteria, and viruses.
Water filters clean the water by removing particles, protozoa, parasites and even bacteria. They filter it to make clean drinking water by also removing grit, floating particles and debris so it looks clearer and more palatable.
But, because viruses are so miniscule they can slip through the micro filters, even the tiniest ones of .02 microns. Now, this is generally fine in less populated areas with pretty clean water like in a remote mountain stream where there aren’t a lot of people or livestock around.
Waterborne viruses harmful to humans are generally found where there are a lot of people because they thrive and are carried through human waste. Yes, ick. But it is a fact of life. This is especially true when you travel to countries that may not have the infrastructure to treat their water to a ‘safe drinking’ level.
This may also be a concern if you are going to a country where locals do their laundry and bathe in the local rivers daily. Add in a few livestock or llamas sharing that water source, garbage being thrown in and the chances of contracting harmful waterborne viruses go up substantially.
Water purifiers take it to the next level by purifying the water which means eliminating parasites, protozoa and bacteria like a filter does but also killing or deactivating viruses so they cannot make you sick.
So, why would anyone choose a filter if it doesn’t get rid of viruses?
You might choose a filter if you’re traveling in the country you’re from (for example) you’re are used to the water, know that it is clean and are more concerned about flavor. Or you are traveling in a country where you know the tap water is drinkable, you won’t be spending time in the wilderness, and you just want to filter out particles. In those situations the chances of contracting a harmful waterborne virus are small.
But when visiting a new country where you’re not used to the water, it’s a good idea to take some form of purification with you. Not only may the water be contaminated – your system isn’t used to the local microbes which could make you sick. You can make the water safe with UV light, purification tablets, or actual water purifiers.
Now let’s discuss the different types of portable filters and purifiers you can take with you on your trip.
3 Types of Water Purifiers
Water purifiers come in all shapes and sizes. The best ones for travel are made of lightweight but durable plastic with metal or ceramic filters and are generally light enough to slip into your luggage or backpack.
A UV light or purifying tablets are also good backups and worth taking along as well when travelling to a country with unsafe drinking water.
Basically, you have three choices for making your water safe to drink:
- Portable water purifier
- Portable water filter
- Water filter in conjunction with purifying tablets or UV light.
*Just remember if you are opting for the purification tablets, try one before you leave on your trip because they can have a chemical taste in your mouth. It’s better to know before you go just in case you aren’t willing to put up with the taste.
What it Needs to Have
A micro filter (.02 microns) that will remove just about everything is the first thing you need to make sure it has. Some filters are only designed to remove particles from drinkable tap water and have a much larger filter that will not stop bacteria or protozoa so be sure to check that no matter which purification system you choose, its filters are small enough.
7 Ways to Clean Water
1. Filtration Straws
Straw: by far the smallest and easiest to use. Filtration straws are lightweight, made of durable plastic which is an excellent choice for backpackers, easily fitting into a side pocket or inner sleeve of your pack.
- Pros: Extremely portable, it hangs around your neck or straps onto your backpacks shoulder strap and is so lightweight you don’t even know it’s there. They have a very high flow rate and good filtration.
- Cons; You have to get right down close to the water’s surface to put the straw directly into the water and suck, just like a normal straw. This may be uncomfortable or not possible in some cases depending on the water source. It also means you can’t filter a bottle to take with you for later, you can only drink directly from the source. You could carry a vessel with you to make using the straw more comfortable but it would take up space in your pack.
2. Water Filtration Pump
Pump: one of the greatest advantages of a pump system is the volume it can produce which means you can fill multiple containers in a short time to take with you so you don’t have to stop as often or look for water sources all the time. It also means you can have clean water to cook with or make that all-important morning cuppa joe.
Another great advantage is that its hose can reach down into a stream, river or other water source so you don’t have to try and get close enough to drink directly from it.
- Pros: Easy to use, compact, high-flow, capable of filling hydration packs, water bottles storage containers.
- Cons: If the first line becomes dirty it can contaminate the second line so make sure to clean and stow your device properly. Also, have a way to flush it with clean water if it does get contaminated before starting again.
3. Gravity Fed Water Filter
They have made great advances in this arena and now a 2L bag can be filtered in about 3-5 minutes filling water bottles, hydration packs and additional containers quickly.
- Pros: Can usually filter a large volume of water great for family camping.
- Cons: It is larger and more cumbersome so not really a great option for backpacking or international travel.
4. Squeezable Water Filter Pouches
Squeezable pouches: Just attach a water filled pouch to the filtration device and squeeze the water through yourself to fill water bottles, hydration packs or carry containers. These pouches attach to mini filtration systems and some straws.
Making straws more versatile, they allow you to fill the pouch directly from the source then filter it into your water bottle or hydration pack. Because they roll up, they are lightweight and easy to pack, taking up very little room.
- Pros: Easy to use, quick to fill, versatile allowing you to fill any type of water container, bottle or hydration pack.
- Cons: Bursting, tearing or splitting can happen so make sure to have a couple of backups when travelling. It’s not like you will be able to run to the nearest store and buy another one in a remote area.
5. Water Bottle with Filter
- Pros: Portable, attached to the exterior of your backpack or bag for accessibility and they are sturdy generally able to withstand a few knocks and drops. Plus, they are easy to use, just fill and go.
- Cons: If you are going to an area where the water has a higher degree of contamination than in North America or Canada for example, which is where these are designed for, they may not eliminate viruses.
It’s easy to drop a purification tablet in half an hour before you are planning to drink, or zap it with a UV light to eradicate viruses and anything else that may be in the water.
6. UV Sterilizer Light
It is recommended to filter your water first to remove floating particles and debris to ensure the greatest effectiveness possible. It’s easily packed in your luggage and most are rechargeable so you don’t have to travel with batteries.
- Pros: Total package destroying viruses as well as all other nasties that may make you sick. It is a purifier not a filter.
- Cons: The main problem with a UV purifier is that if the water has a lot of floating particles in it, it is not as effective. Purifiers won’t clear particles from the water so if you are not filtering your water first, it can get a little gritty.
7. Purification Tablets
We do recommend that you try one before you leave on a trip because if you don’t like the taste when adding it to your drinkable tap water at home, then chances are you will hate it when using it out in the field. These are easy to use, just add them to your water bottle and give it about 35 minutes to do its work.
- Pros: Easy to travel with, just one small bottle, cheap, long lasting.
- Cons: You may not like the taste and in colder temperatures chemicals can take a lot longer to become effective. If travelling at higher altitudes or in lower temperatures be sure to allow extra time for them to work.
How to Choose a Portable Water Filter / Purifier
Especially when travelling, you need to carefully consider which purification or filtration system will meet your needs.
Is it your primary water source trekking through remote Ecuador?
Or, is it to make tap water drinkable as you go from hotel to hotel and will probably buy water along the way or have it supplied in your room daily?
Depending on the type of travelling you will be doing, here are eight things to consider before making your purchase so you find the one that meets your needs.
- Size: Compact is key for travel. How much room you have in your luggage or backpack to allocate for a water purification system has a big impact on the type of purifier you buy.
- Lifespan: Especially when travelling through countries without safe drinking water, you want something durable that is built to last. Something hardy enough that it won’t get damaged in transit, while you are travelling and if it will stand up to a few knocks.
- Cost: This is a biggy. How much is not getting sick worth? Just imagine picking up a parasite or getting sick during your trip and being rushed to a hospital where you hope your travel insurance will cover everything. As a general rule, this is a very expensive scenario so consider what it is worth to prevent that from happening before making your purchase. Is it worth the extra $50 to get the purification system you really want and know will keep you safe? Just remember, you don’t have to break the bank. You can buy a good filtration system and use a UV pen or tablets in conjunction to make 100% safe drinkable water which may work out cheaper. You have options.
- Weight: For all international travel there are weight restrictions on luggage. You want small, as lightweight as possible but still good enough that it does the trick. If you are trekking and having to lug your backpack around daily then weight is a huge factor. Having said that, when you are trekking in remote places there may not be stores to purchase water so making clean safe drinkable water is your first priority.
- Durability: Look for filtration and purification devices that can take a knock without breaking. Ideally you want something with as little interior componentry as possible. The more complicated it is, the more moving parts, then the more that can go wrong, especially during international travel where your bag may be handled through several airports, buses or on and off boats before getting to your final destination. Plus, if you are reaching down from a river bank and slip and drop it, you want to have confidence that it will survive a small fall.
- Replacement filter availability/cost: No matter which device you choose to take with you, making sure you have a couple of spare filters is wise. In South America when you are touring around, chances are you won’t be able to find replacements so losing, damaging, misplacing or having them stepped on by a cranky llama can add a lot of stress to your trip. Best to tuck a couple of spares in your bag… and avoid cranky llamas.
- Flow Rate: If you’ve just climbed a mountain to get photos of that amazing scenic view, then you’ll want a drink in between all the huffing and puffing. You won’t want to wait half an hour for it to filter enough so be sure to check the flow rate before you buy. High-flow = good.
- Filter Capacity / Ease of Use: All filtration and purification devices will clearly state how many liters or gallons you are expected to get from each of the filters lifespan before you need to replace it.
The easier to use the better. You don’t want to be digging out gizmos and gadgets you need to attach along with fifteen other doodads before you can start filtering your water. One quick attachment is generally any of the brands worth their salt needs. Maybe two.
*Ceramic filters are not recommended for travel as they add weight and are more fragile, sometimes shattering if dropped. If traveling from Point A to Point B, they can be packed to travel safe.
7 Best Portable Filters and Purifiers
1. Lifestraw Personal Water Filter
Small enough to hang on your daypacks shoulder strap, Lifestraw’s microfilter (0.2microns) removes 99.9999% of bacteria, protozoa, parasites, microplastics and sediment to make clean, safe drinking water.
Capable of filtering 4,000 liters (1,000 gallons) just remove the caps and place one end in the water to drink.
The water comes through clean tasting because it doesn’t use any chemicals so your water is cleaner and fresh. Meets the US EPA and NSF water filtration standards.
The Lifestraw company also supports children in need around the world. With every purchase, a child receives clean drinking water for an entire year with over one million children having received the benefit so far.
2. Katadyn Vario Water Filter
A powerhouse that filters through microfilters down to .02 microns. Capable of removing parasites, bacteria, and protozoa it’s easy to use by just placing the hose into the water source, hand pumping a few times and letting the high flow filtration system do its work.
Produces 2 quarts per minute in the faster flow mode. Replaceable carbon core keeps water tasting fresh, reduces chemicals, toxins, and odors. The adapter base attaches directly to standard 32oz Nalgene water bottle opening.
This is a great system to filter water for your whole group.
3. Sawyer Mini Water Filtration System
Extremely versatile, it is easily used as a straw, or by attaching a squeeze pouch to filter drinking water into a bottle or hydration pack. You can also drink the water from the squeeze pouch directly by just attaching the straw to drink on the go.
It also attaches to most standard water bottles, so if you did have to buy a bottle of water, you can recycle that plastic water bottle by filling and attaching the straw to drink through. It also comes with its own cleaning plunger.
Available in a 1, 2 or 4 pack it includes straws, squeezable pouches and cleaning plungers all incredibly lightweight and easy to take with you.
4. Lifestraw Go Water Bottles
All the benefits of a Lifestraw inside a water bottle. It is as easy as filling your water bottle from the source and walk away drinking. The bottles themselves are BPA-free plastic and durable so you’ll have it for years and it will also stand up to all the knocks and rough treatment of travel.
They come in a variety of fun colors and the two pack is great value. It is recommended to change the carbon filter after 100 liters so if you are travelling for a long time make sure to pack a spare.
5. Steripen Ultra UV Pen Purifier
Able to purify a liter of water in 90 seconds this purification device can handle purifying 50 liters of water with one charge before being easily recharged via laptop USB, wall socket or portable solar panel if you’re in remote areas.
Capable of over 300 charges in its lifetime, that equals 15, ooo liters of clean drinkable water. It gives you a choice of purifying a liter or half a liter, just insert and stir until the smiley face tells you you’re done.
6. Potable Agua Water Purification Tablets
It needs time to sterilize anything that water may hold and make it safe to drink. These are a cheap, easy to travel with way of making questionable water safe.
7. MSR Guardian Purifier
It has been tested in the most unsanitary of water sources and proven 100% safe removing all viruses, bacteria, protozoa and parasites to leave tasty clean, clear drinkable water.
Definitely worth the extra money if it is your only source of drinking water trekking through remote areas.
For long term use, the above options are not ideal. For a few weeks of travel, these will give consistently clean, safe water. But they are not super convenient and don’t produce any volume of water.
Best Expat Water Filter: Travel Berkey
The replaceable filters last for 6000 gallons. The Berkey is available in 4 larger sizes (up to 6 gallons). Just be sure to see what will fit in your luggage.
Watch on YouTube
FAQ About Potable Water For Travel
What is potable water?
Water that is safe to drink or use in food preparation and cooking. Once you have filtered or purified water to remove anything that may be harmful to humans, it is classed as potable water.
Watch on YouTube
What do water filters remove from the water?
They remove debris, particles that cloud the water, bacteria, protozoa, parasites and anything else above .02 microns which means your puddle water can come out crystal clear which is a lot more appetizing right!
Just remember, a filter doesn’t remove viruses so zap it with a UV pen once it’s filtered and you’re good to guzzle.
How reliable are portable water filters?
Like any piece of equipment, when properly maintained they are very reliable and will last for years. This is especially true when you replace the filter cartridge as recommended.
Replacement filters are generally readily available and won’t break the bank so always make sure you take a couple of spares in case of breakage, loss, damage or misplacement during your adventure.
How to care for your water filter in freezing temperatures
If it freezes, it could crack the filter – making it useless.
While most travelers don’t have to worry about freezing temperatures in South America, many of the mountains and volcanoes are snow capped.
Put it in a ziplock bag and sleep with it in your sleeping bag, your body heat will keep it from freezing and cracking. The plastic bag stops you from getting wet if there is any residual water.
How to know when to replace your water filter
Replacing a filter depends on a few factors:
- how often you use it
- how long it has been sitting around and
- how close it is to the manufacturers recommended usage before changing
It’s important to keep track of the schedule. You might write the date on your filter when to replace the cartridge. For any big trip, we recommend replacing the filter and starting fresh. That way you know you’ll be safe – and have plenty of clean drinking water.
Also, be sure to take a spare(s) in case of an emergency, breakage, loss or damage during transit. Water is one of the biggest reason’s travelers get sick so you’re better safe than sorry.
A Traveler’s Guide to Safe Tap Water
Just where in the world is there safe tap water?
Who can you trust? Locals or expats?
Safe water can be a pretty big issue. Not only can it ruin a perfectly good trip with diarrhea, but bad water can also carry hepatitis A, typhoid and cholera. This is nothing to play around with.
When it comes to amoebas and parasites, it pays to be a bad host.
In this post, we share research from the US Center for Disease Control about where to find safe tap water – and how to make bad water safe to drink.
The following statistics are based on data from the US Center for Disease Control. See text version of the infographic below the image.
Infographic: Traveler’s Guide to Safe Tap Water
Here is a breakdown of where to find safe tap water around the world:
Infographic courtesy of the fine folks at Neomam.
Where is the Tap Water Safe?
Here is a detailed breakdown of where to find safe tap water around the world.
- Continent of Africa: None
- Continent of Asia: Brunei, Hong Kong, Israel, Japan ,Singapore, South Korea
- Continent of Europe: Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, The Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, San Marino, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, Vatican City.
- Continent of North America: Canada, Greenland, United States of America
- Continent of South America: None
- Continent of Oceania: Australia, New Zealand
It isn’t just what you drink. Bad water can make you sick while swimming, brushing your teeth, ice cubes and while in the shower.
How do you plan on having a safe supply of water on your trip? What’s your favorite filter? Join me in the comments below!